HomeComplete Guide to Various Types of Software Applications
But imagining our lives with no such software applications today has become almost impossible. In this world of technology, we come across various software development trends that surround us, making our tasks much easier.
So, let’s have a look at software applications in much detail to understand them more briefly.
a) Application Softwares’ Types
b) Classification Based On Availability and Shareability
a) System Softwares’ Types
What Is Software?
Software is the compilation of statistics, programs, methods, techniques, and directions. It tells a computer or electronic device how to run, work, or execute specific tasks. Also, the software is a set of instructions and information that guides computer hardware to perform any task.
How Does It Work?
Software is just another term for a computer program and a program is a set of instructions that tells the device how to perform. So the computer understands these instructions written in code.
Also, at the core of all software is logic and the principle of input, process, and output. The program needs information to work with the input that further processes according to the input provided.
This results in the output, like printing your assignment and the invoice popping out of the tray.
Types Of Softwares
The software has the capability of taking the form of one line of code, or like Microsoft’s Windows operating system, span into millions.
It also works with other software to join as a cohesive system. For example, your smartphone is a compilation of thousands of software factors constructed to function collectively.
Apparently, code languages and styles vary in size and scope. The software applied to create a stylish microwave varies from the code that drives an Apple Mac.
So, there are two major categories of software, namely: system software and application software.
Application software helps the user in completing tasks such as doing online research, jotting down notes, setting an alarm, designing graphics, keeping an account log, doing calculations, or even playing games.
We may also know application software as end-user programs or productivity programs. It lies above the system software, another type of software.
This is because, unlike system software, the end-user uses application software. It presents specificity in their functionality to tasks and does the assigned job.
We may refer to application software or simply apps as non-essential software, as their requirement is highly subjective. In addition, their absence does not affect the functioning of the system.
As an example, we may take all the apps that we see on our mobile phones into consideration as application software.
Now, we may proceed to the different applications software here.
Content Access Software: It presents common use of accessing content to meet the needs of users for web content and digital entertainment.
Normally, accessed content does not offer the enabling for editing. But certain software helps us to work on it too.
Enterprise Softwares: Enterprise software helps in meeting the demands of an entire organization. It also helps firms to meet their operational needs as applications and programs used by them.
Web Browsers: We may know web browser as another software application that helps you get access to the website and view its information. So, you could use them to search the Internet to locate and get data online.
Also, a web browser helps you in retrieving information on a website from a website. For this purpose, the web browser collects that specific information from the server and shows the page.
In this manner, it links a computer and user to the resources on the web that does not require password protection. For example, web browsers like Google Chrome and Internet Explorer have become more popular.
Graphics Softwares: Graphic software deals with the process involved in editing or changing the graphics. These graphics can either be visual information or images.
An ideal example of graphics software includes Adobe Photoshop and CorelDRAW. It even includes illustration and picture editing software.
Spreadsheet Software: This software offers an advantage if you deal with calculations as data gets entered and stored in tables. Also, with spreadsheet software, you could make use of cells to define various fields like text, name, number, year, data, and others.
Therefore, it becomes easy for your users to perform calculations easily with the help of functions and formulas. Microsoft Excel offers itself as the best spreadsheet software commonly used.
Word Processing Softwares: Word processing helps you format and change the text. It also helps in making documents, letters, or any other professional content.
In addition, word processing assists you in adding new features to your text document. For this purpose, it includes font, style, graphs, thesaurus, charts, and other options to make your document look perfect.
Along with these features, you may also use the Grammar and spellcheck features to make your documents grammatically correct.
Information Worker Softwares: Information worker software includes documentation, time & resource management, analytical tools, and others.
It allows you to make and manage the data, mainly for individual projects.
Presentation Softwares: We may also know presentation software as a presentation program. It lets you present your ideas and thoughts with good charity through visual data presentation.
You can easily frame your ideas and design them using various tools with presentation software. Also, this software helps in creating professional presentations and multimedia presentations.
It even helps you in making your slide more visually pleasing and informative by adding text, images, graphics, and videos. So, PowerPoint presents to be an example of presentation software used widely.
PowerPoint has various components as -
Text editor that enables you to input and format text.
Add graphics, text, images, and video files.
The slideshow feature helps you display the information.
Multimedia Software: We can make images, record audio, and build video files with multimedia software.
So, the field of animations, image, or video editing, and graphics make use of this software. The example of multimedia software mainly involves the media player and the music player.
Education and Reference Software: This software has common usage for educational purposes, letting you learn a typical subject or a topic.
We may also call education and reference software as academic software as it delivers value to learners.
So, this software offers its availability for tutorials, training, and educating the learners. The best examples of education and reference software comprise Google Classroom and EdX.
Database Software: Database software provides benefits in creating a database easily with examples like Knack, MySQL, Microsoft SQL, and others.
With this software, we can store, manage, and change the information in the database with little effort. So, the database management system or DBMS offers responsibility for collecting, managing and storing your data.
Also, database software helps in retrieving the data quickly, making changes, and then storing them back after it.
Simulation Software: If you belong to engineering, testing, gaming, education, and more; you probably need simulation software.
This software offers its use when it is dangerous and not an acceptable idea to work directly on the exact system.
So, effective simulation helps you to learn and observe a process, an operation, or a method without actually going through its operation.
Also, we can make use of the simulation software for weather forecast, deep learning, robotics, scientific and data analysis techniques.
Simulation software even benefits in certain situations where the operation of real machines cannot happen suddenly with no training methods.
Besides, it enables you to understand and get familiarised with the models before handling the original machinery.
Shareware: The users get Shareware software for a trial lasting for a stipulated time in a limited offer.
After the trial period gets over, you need to pay a charge to continue with its use. Some examples of shareware software include WinZip, WinRAR, AnyDVD, and Adobe Acrobat.
So, after getting access to the source code, you can make copies, and also share them.
Freeware: As clear by the name, freeware is free software and users quickly and effectively make use of it on the Internet.
But this software does not let you create modifications for it or let you demand anything for its circulation. Also, you cannot alter or make any modifications to this software.
The most common examples of freeware software involve Adobe Reader and Skype.
Closed source software: Users commonly use closed source software applications but these are not free and offer restricted use.
It presents to be protected, and it has a reserved source code with intellectual property rights.
Open-source software: This software works with good source code and helps you change and edit the software. Also, with open source software, you could easily remove errors or add extra features to your software.
So, we may find open-source software in both free and paid versions. Some examples of this software involve Thunderbird email client and Apache HTTP web server.
A system software handles computer hardware actions to present primary functionalities that are needed by the customer. It encourages the user and the hardware to operate and cooperate with each other.
Also, we can assert that system software operates as an intermediator or a central layer between the buyer and the hardware. So, this computer software sanctions a platform or environment for the other software to work in.
Therefore, system software offers its importance in managing the entire computer system. Also, it is the system software that gets initialized and gets loaded in the system’s memory when we first turn on the computer.
However, the system software runs in the background with no use by the end-users. This term it is ‘low-level software’.
Each type of system software manages and regulates the strategies and purposes of computer hardware. Let’s understand its types here.
Device Drivers: A device driver is a type of software that controls particular hardware attached to the system. Also, the hardware devices that require an operator to attach to a system comprise features, sound cards, printers, mice, and hard discs.
Also, there are two types of device drivers; Kernel Device Drivers and User Device Driver. Some examples of device drivers comprise BIOS driver, display driver, printer driver, ROM driver, USB driver, VGA driver, and others.
Firmwares: It is the permanent software embedded into a read-only memory as a set of instructions permanently stored on a hardware device. Also, the firmware provides essential information regarding how the device interacts with other hardware.
In addition, we can consider firmware as ‘semi-permanent’ as it remains permanent unless we update it using a firmware update. Its examples include BIOS, consumer applications, UEFI, computer peripherals, and embedded systems.
Operating Systems: The most prominent example of system software is the operating system. It is a compilation of software that controls sources and presents general services for the other functions that run over them.
Even though each operating system is unique, most of them provide a Graphical User Interface. With this, a user can manage the files and folders and perform other tasks.
So, every device, whether a desktop, laptop, or mobile phone, requires an operating system to present the primitive functionality to it. Also, many users prefer to use one specific OS for their device, as an OS demands determine how a user interacts with the system.
It is even essential to consider the hardware specifications before choosing an operating system. In addition, the operating systems include embedded, multi-user, real-time, internet, distributed, mobile, single-user, and many more.
Some examples of operating systems comprise Linux, Ubuntu, Android, MS Windows, CentOS, Mac OS, Unix, and iOS.
Utilities: This software aids in analyzing, optimizing, configuring, and maintaining a computer system. Also, utility software supports the computer infrastructure.
In addition, this software concentrates on how an OS operates and then subsequently it determines its orbit to equalize the working of the system.
All Utility tools involve software like antiviruses, defragmenters, disk cleanup & management tools, compression tools, and others.
Some examples of utility tools involve WinRAR, McAfee Antivirus, Windows file explorer, Avast antivirus, Razer cortex, WinZip, Directory opus, and Piriform CCleaner.
Programming Language Translators: Programming language translators are mediator programs on which software programs rely to translate high-level language code into simpler machine-level code.
Apart from simplifying the code, the translators also do other works. These works comprise assigning data sources and offering diagnostic reports.
Programming language translators also enlist source code & program details and rectify system errors during the runtime. The prime example of programming language translators involves interpreters, compilers, and assemblers.
Software plays a significant role in maintaining and managing the device and its operations. It even becomes impossible to operate and control hardware without software.
Also, there are many types of application software available that meet different user requirements. These even help to make your processes and operations smooth.
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